My research focus on Construction Management with three clear directions:

  • International construction: international competitiveness, strategic management, procurement innovation, and corporate social responsibility;
  • Construction informatics: Building Information Modelling (BIM), smart construction, and big data; and
  • Construction waste management: Management, economics, and public policies.

I am particularly benefited from a capable team with me. I have been lucky to secure many internal and external research grants from various prestigious funding bodies, so the research team can be sustained. My books, book chapters, and journal papers are in these three fields:

Books, book chapters, and journal papers

  1. Bao, Z.K. and Lu, W.S. (2022). Applicability of the environmental Kuznets curve to construction waste management: A panel analysis of 27 European economies. Resources, Conservation & Recycling.
  2. Chen, J.J., Lu, W.S., and Lou, J.F. (2022). Automatic concrete defect detection and reconstruction by aligning aerial images onto semantic-rich BIM. Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering. DOI: 10.1111/mice.12928.
  3. Laovisutthichai, V. and Lu, W.S. (2022). Design for manufacture and assembly (DfMA) in architectural design meetings: From a case study to knowledge-to-action framework. Smart and Sustainable Built Environment.
  4. Yuan, L., Lu, W.S., Xue, F., and Li, M. (2022). A building feature-based regression method for quantifying urban material stocks. Journal of Industrial Ecology. Accepted.
  5. Peng, Z., Lu, W.S., and Webster, C. (2022). Understanding the effects of construction waste cap-and-trade scheme: An agent-based modeling study of Hong Kong. Journal of Cleaner Production.
  6. Lou, J.F. and Lu, W.S. (2022). Construction information authentication and integrity using blockchain-oriented watermarking techniques. Automation in Construction.
  7. Peng, Z., Lu, W.S., and Webster, C. (2022). If invisible carbon waste can be traded, why not visible construction waste? Establishing the construction waste trading ‘missing market’. Resources, Conservation & Recycling.
  8. Wu, L., Li, X., Zhao, R., Lu, W.S., Xu, J.Y. and Xue, F. (2022). A blockchain-based model with an incentive mechanism for cross-border logistics supervision and data sharing in modular construction. Journal of Cleaner Production.
  9. Ghansah, F. A., Chen, J.J., and Lu, W.S. (2022). Developing a user perception model for smart living: A Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling approach. Building and Environment.
  10. Xu, J.Y., Lu, W.S., Wu, L., Lou, J.F., and Li, X. (2022). Balancing privacy and occupational safety and health in construction: A blockchain-enabled P-OSH deployment framework. Safety Science.
  11. Xu, J.Y. and Lu, W.S. (2022). Developing a Human-Organization-Technology Fit (HOT) model for information technology adoption in organizations. Technology in Society.
  12. Lu, W.S., Ghansah, F. A., and Xu, J.Y. (2022). A category and index hybrid (CIH) approach to measuring the levels of prefabrication. International Journal of Construction Management.
  13. Charef, R., Lu, W.S., and Hall, D. (2022). The transition to the circular economy of the construction industry: insights into sustainable approaches to improve the understanding. Journal of Cleaner Production.
  14. Laovisutthichai, V., Srihiran, K., and Lu, W.S. (2022). Towards greater integration of building information modeling in the architectural design curriculum: A longitudinal case study. Industry and Higher Education.
  15. Chen, J.J., Lu, W.S., and Dong, Z.M. (2022). Monocular vision-enabled 3D truck reconstruction: A novel optimization approach based on parametric modeling and graphics rendering. ASCE Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering.
  16. Lu, W.S., Wu, L., Xu, J.Y., and Lou, J.F. (2022). Construction e-inspection 2.0 in the COVID-19 pandemic era: A blockchain-based technical solution. ASCE Journal of Management in Engineering. (Based on the paper, we held a press conference on 6 June 2022. It received wide media coverage from both local and internal media
  17. Lu, W.S., Yuan, L., and Lee, W.M.W (2022). Understanding loading patterns of construction waste hauling trucks: Triangulation between big quantitative and informative qualitative data. Environmental Science and Pollution Research.
  18. Lu, W.S. and Chen, J.J. (2022). Computer vision for solid waste segregation: A critical review of academic research. Waste Management.
  19. Lou, J.F., Lu, W.S., Xu, J.Y., Li, X., and Wang, J. (2022). Nomenclature for offsite construction. Building Research and Information.
  20. Wei, X.X., Ye, M., Yuan, L., Bi, W., and Lu, W.S. (2022). Analyzing the freight characteristics and carbon emission of construction waste hauling trucks: Big data analytics of Hong Kong. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.
  21. Guo, H. and Lu, W.S., (2022). Measuring competitiveness with data-driven principal component analysis: A case study of Chinese international construction companies. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management.
  22. Lu, W.S. and Anumba, C. (2022). Research Companion to Building Information Modeling. Edward Elgar. ISBN: 978-1-83910-551-7.
  23. Lu, W.S. and Anumba, C. (2022). Introduction to the Research Companion to Building Information Modeling. In Lu, W.S. and Anumba, C. (Eds). Research Companion to Building Information Modeling (pp.1-10). Edward Elgar.
  24. Wang, J. and Lu, W.S. (2022). Building information modeling adoption and localization. In Lu, W.S. and Anumba, C. (Eds). Research Companion to Building Information Modeling (pp.102-123). Edward Elgar.
  25. Xu, J.Y., Lu, W.S., and Li, X. (2022). Building information modeling, smart construction objects, and pervasive technologies integration.  In Lu, W.S. and Anumba, C. (Eds). Research Companion to Building Information Modeling (pp.294-312). Edward Elgar.
  26. Laovisutthichai, V., Lu, W.S., and Bao, Z.K. (2022). Building information modeling-enabled design for construction waste minimization. In Lu, W.S. and Anumba, C. (Eds). Research Companion to Building Information Modeling (pp.550-571). Edward Elgar.
  27. Charef, R. and Lu, W.S., (2022). Circular economy and building information modeling. In Lu, W.S. and Anumba, C. (Eds). Research Companion to Building Information Modeling (pp.572-592). Edward Elgar.
  28. Anumba, C. and Lu, W.S. (2022). Conclusion to the Research Companion to Building Information Modeling. In Lu, W.S. and Anumba, C. (Eds). Research Companion to Building Information Modeling (pp.717-719). Edward Elgar.
  29. Lu, W.S. and Ye, M. (2022). The global construction market. In Ofori, G. (Eds.), Research Companion to Construction Economics (pp. 445-465). Edward Elgar. ISBN: 978-1-83910-822-8.
  30. Lu, W.S. and Xu, J.Y. (2022). Big data analytics and project organising. In Winch, G., Brunet, M., and Cao, D.P. (Eds.), Research Handbook on Complex Project Organizing. Edward Elgar. Accepted.
  31. Wu, L., Lu, W.S., Zhao, R., Xu, J.Y., Li, X., and Xue, F. (2021). Using blockchain to improve information sharing accuracy in the onsite assembly of modular construction. ASCE Journal of Management in Engineering.
    (ASCE Journal of Management in Engineering Best Paper Award 2021/2022)
  32. Dong, Z.M., Chen, J.J., and Lu, W.S. (2021). Computer vision to recognize construction waste compositions: A novel boundary-aware Transformer (BAT) model. Journal of Environmental Management.
  33. Wu, L., Lu, W.S., and Xu, J.Y. (2021). Blockchain-based smart contract for smart payment in construction: A focus on the payment freezing and disbursement cycle. Frontiers of Engineering Management.
  34. Xu, J.Y., Lu, W.S., Papadonikolaki, E. (2021). Human-Organization-Technology (HOT) fit model for BIM adoption in construction project organizations: Impact factor analysis using social network analysis and comparative case study. ASCE Journal of Management in Engineering. https://10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0001013.
  35. Lu, W.S., Wu, L., and Xue, F. (2021). Blockchain technology for projects: A multi-criteria decision matrix. Project Management Journal.
  36. Chen, J.J., Li, S., and Lu, W.S. (2021). Align to locate: Registering photogrammetric point clouds to BIM for robust indoor localization. Building and Environment.
  37. Li, X., Wu, C.K., Xue, F., Yang, Z., Lou, J.F., and Lu, W.S. (2021). Ontology-based mapping model for automatic work packaging in modular construction. Automation in Construction.
  38. Bi, W., Lu, W.S., Zhao, Z., and Webster, C. (2021). Combinatorial optimization of construction waste collection and transportation: A case study of Hong Kong. Resources, Conservation & Recycling.
  39. Wu, L., Lu, W.S., Xue, F., Li, X., Zhao, R. and Tang, M.H. (2021). Linking permissioned blockchain to Internet-of-Things (IoT) -BIM platform for off-site production management in modular construction. Computers in Industry
  40. Lu, W.S., Chen, J.J., and Xue, F. (2021). Using computer vision to recognize the composition of construction waste mixtures: A semantic segmentation approach. Resources, Conservation & Recycling
  41. Chen, J.J., Lu, W.S., Yuan, L., Wu, Y.J., and Xue, F. (2021). Estimating construction waste truck payload volume using monocular vision. Resources, Conservation & Recycling
  42. Laovisutthichai, V., and Lu, W.S. (2021). Architectural design for manufacturing and assembly for sustainability. In: Lau S.S.Y., Li J., Hao S., Lu S. (eds) Design and Technological Applications in Sustainable Architecture. Strategies for Sustainability. Springer, Cham.
  43. Li, X., Lu, W.S., Xue, F., Wu, L., Zhao, R., Lou, J.F., and Xu, J.Y. (2021). Blockchain-enabled IoT-BIM platform for supply chain management in modular construction. ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management.  
  44. Ye, M., Lu, W.S., and Xue, F. (2021). Impact of institutional distance on environmental and social practices in host countries: Evidence from international construction companies. ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management.
  45. Lu, W.S., Wu, L., and Zhao, R. (2021). Rebuilding trust in the construction industry: A blockchain-based deployment framework. International Journal of Construction Management
  46. Xue, F., Li, X., Lu, W.S., Webster, C., Che, Z., and Lin, L. (2021). Big data-driven pedestrian analytics: Unsupervised clustering and relational query based on Tencent Street View photographs. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information,
  47. Charef, R. and Lu, W.S. (2021). Factor dynamics to facilitate circular economy adoption in construction. Journal of Cleaner Production,
  48. Bao, Z.K., Laovisutthichai, V., Tan, T., Wang, Q., and Lu, W.S. (2021). Design for manufacture and assembly (DfMA) enablers for offsite interior design and construction. Building Research & Information
  49. Lu, W.S., Li, X., Xue, F., Zhao, R., Wu, L., and Yeh, A.G.O. (2021). Exploring Smart Construction Objects (SCOs) as blockchain oracles in construction supply chain management. Automation in Construction.
  50. Yang, Z.Z., Xue, F., and Lu, W.S. (2021). Handling missing data for construction waste management: machine learning based on aggregated waste generation behaviors. Resources, Conservation & Recycling,
  51. Peng, Z.Y., Lu, W.S., and Webster, C. (2021). Quantifying the embodied carbon saving potential of recycling construction and demolition waste in the Greater Bay Area, China: Status quo and future scenarios. Science of the Total Environment.
  52. Lu, W.S., Lou, J.F., Webster, C., Xue, F., Bao, Z.K., and Chi, B. (2021). Estimating construction waste generation in the Greater Bay Area, China using machine learning. Waste Management
  53. Ye, M., Wang, H.D., and Lu, W.S. (2021). Opening the “black box” between corporate social responsibility and financial performance: from a critical review to an integrated framework of moderators and mediators. Journal of Cleaner Production
  54. Bao, Z.K., Lu, W.S., and Hao, J.L. (2021). Tackling the “last mile” problem in renovation waste management: A case study in China. Science of the Total Environment.
  55. Lu, W.S., Wu, L., Zhao, R., Li, X., and Xue, F. (2021). Blockchain technology for governmental supervision of construction work: Learning from digital currency electronic payment systems. ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
  56. Yuan, L., Lu, W.S., and Xue, F. (2021). Estimation of construction waste composition based on bulk density: A big data-probability (BD-P) model. Journal of Environmental Management.
  57. Bao, Z.K. and Lu, W.S. (2021). A decision-support framework for planning construction waste recycling: A case study of Shenzhen, China. Journal of Cleaner Production.
  58. Lu, W.S., Lee, W.M.W., Xue, F., and Xu, J.Y. (2021). Revisiting the effects of prefabrication on construction waste minimisation: a quantitative study using bigger data. Resources, Conservation & Recycling.
  59. Chen, J.J., Li, S., Liu, D.H., and Lu, W.S. (2021). Indoor camera pose estimation via style-transfer 3D models. Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering.
  60. Huang, C., Li, W., Lu, W.S., Xue, F., Liu, M., and Liu, Z. (2021). Optimisation of multiple-crane service schedules in overlapping areas through consideration of transportation efficiency and operational safety. Automation in Construction,
  61. Li, X., Chi, H.L., Lu, W.S., Xue, F., Zeng, J., and Li, Z.D. (2021). Federated transfer learning-enabled smart work packaging for preserving personal image information of construction worker. Automation in Construction.
  62. Li, X., Wu, L., Zhao, R., Lu, W.S., and Xue, F. (2021). Two-layer adaptive blockchain-based supervision model for off-site modular housing production. Computers in Industry. https://10.1016/j.compind.2021.103437. 
  63. Chen, J.J., Lu, W.S., and Xue, F. (2021). “Looking beneath the surface”: A visual-physical feature hybrid approach for unattended gauging of construction waste composition. Journal of Environmental Management.
  64. Wang, J. and Lu, W.S. (2021). A deployment framework for BIM localization. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management.
  65. Guo, H. and Lu, W.S. (2021). The inverse U-shaped relationship between corporate social responsibility and competitiveness: evidence from Chinese international construction companies. Journal of Cleaner Production.
  66. Lu, W.S., Yuan, L., and Xue, F. (2021). Investigating the bulk density of construction waste: A big data-driven approach. Resources, Conservation & Recycling.
    (RCR Best Paper Award 2021,
  67. Xue, F., Wu, L., and Lu, W.S. (2020). Semantic enrichment of building and city information models: a ten-year review. Advanced Engineering Informatics.
  68. Laovisutthichai, V., Lu, W.S., and Bao, Z.K. (2020). Design for construction waste minimization: guidelines and practice. Architectural Engineering and Design Management.
  69. Lu, W.S., Bao, Z.K., Lee, W.M.W., Chi, B. and Wang, J.Y. (2020). An analytical framework of “zero waste construction site”: Two case studies of Shenzhen, China. Waste Management.
  70. Xu, J.Y., Ye, M., Lu, W.S., Bao, Z.K., and Webster, C. (2020). A four-quadrant conceptual framework for analyzing extended producer responsibility in offshore prefabrication construction. Journal of Cleaner Production.
  71. Xue, F., Lu, W.S., Chen, Z., and Webster, C. (2020). From LiDAR point cloud towards digital twin city: Clustering city objects based on Gestalt principles. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing.
    (2020 Featured Article by this journal. See
  72. Bao, Z.K., Lee, W.M.W., and Lu, W.S. (2020). Implementing on-site construction waste recycling in Hong Kong: Barriers and facilitators. Science of the Total Environment.
  73. Lu, W.S., Lee, W.M.W., Bao, Z.K., Chi, B., and Webster, C. (2020). Cross-jurisdictional construction waste material trading: Learning from the smart grid. Journal of Cleaner Production.
  74. Xue, F. and Lu, W.S. (2020). A semantic differential transaction approach to minimizing information redundancy for BIM and blockchain integration. Automation in Construction.
    (Based on the paper, we prepared an entry and won the buildingSMART International [bSI] Awards 2021 [the sole winner in the “Professional Research” category]. For more, please see
  75. Lu, W.S., Tan, T., Xu, J.Y., Wang, J., Chen, K., Gao, S., and Xue, F. (2020). Design for Manufacture and Assembly (DfMA) in construction: the old and the new. Architectural Engineering and Design Management.
  76. Bao, Z.K. and Lu, W.S. (2020). Developing efficient circularity for construction and demolition waste management in fast emerging economies: Lessons learned from Shenzhen, China. Science of the Total Environment.
  77. Maués, L.M.F., Nascimento, B.D.M.O.D., Lu, W.S., and Xue, F. (2020). Estimating construction waste generation in residential buildings: a fuzzy set theory approach in the Brazilian Amazon. Journal of Cleaner Production.
  78. Bao, Z.K., Lu, W.S., Chi, B, and Hao, J.L. (2020). Construction waste management performance in green building: Contextualising LEED in China. Detritus.
  79. Xu, J.Y., Lu, W.S., Ye, M., Webster, C., and Xue, F. (2020). Anatomy of waste generation flows in construction projects using passive bigger data. Waste Management.
  80. Hao, J.L., Cheng, B., Lu, W.S., Xu, J., Wang, J., Bu, W., and Guo, Z (2020). Carbon emission reduction in prefabrication construction: A BIM-based life-cycle assessment approach. Science of the Total Environment.
  81. Tan, T., Lu, W.S., Tan, G.Y., Xue, F., Chen, K, Xu, J.Y., Wang, J., and Gao, S. (2020). Construction-oriented design for manufacture and assembly (DfMA) guidelines. ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management.
  82. Xu, J.Y., Lu, W.S., Anumba, C.J., and Niu, Y.H. (2020). From Smart Construction Objects to cognitive facility management. In Anumba and Roofigari (ed.), Cyber-Physical Systems in the Built Environment. Springer.
  83. Chen, K., Lu, W.S., and Wang, J. (2020). Academia-industry collaboration for BIM education: lessons learned from a case study. Industry and Higher Education.
  84. Lu, W.S., Xu, J.Y., and Sönderland, J. (2020). Exploring the effects of building information modeling (BIM) on projects: A longitudinal social network analysis. ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management.
  85. Chi, B., Lu, W.S., Ye, M., Bao, Z.K., and Zhang, X.L. (2020). Construction waste minimization in green building: A comparative analysis of LEED-NC 2009 certified projects in the US and China. Journal of Cleaner Production.
  86. Xu, J.Y., Lu, W.S., Ye, M., Xue, F., Zhang, X.L., and Lee, B.F.P. (2020). Is the private sector more efficient? Big data analytics of construction waste management sectoral efficiency. Resources, Conservation & Recycling.
  87. Illankoon, I.M.C.S. and Lu, W.S. (2020). Cost implications of obtaining construction waste management-related credits in green building. Waste Management.
  88. Lai, W.C.L., Chau, K. W., Lorne, F.T., and Lu, W.S. (2019). Experimental coastal land reclamation: Qianhai as a case interpreted. Planning Practice & Research.
  89. Lu, W.S., Lai, C.C., and Tse, T. (2019). BIM and Big Data for Construction Cost Management. Routledge, ISBN: 978-0-8153-9094-7.
  90. Ye, M., Lu, W.S., Flanagan, R., and Chau, K.W. (2019). Corporate social responsibility ‘glocalisation’: evidence from the international construction business. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management.
  91. Zhai, Y., Chen, K., Zhou, X., Cao, J., Lyu, Z., Jin, X., Shen, G., Lu, W.S., and Huang, G.Q. (2019). An Internet of Things-enabled BIM platform for modular integrated construction: A case study in Hong Kong. Advanced Engineering Informatics. 42 (10), 100997.
  92. Yu, B., Wang, J.Y., Li, J., Lu, W.S., Li, Z.D., and Xu, X.X. (2019). Quantifying the potential of recycling demolition waste generated from urban renewal: A case study in Shenzhen, China. Journal of Cleaner Production.
  93. Liang, X.N., Lu, W.S., and Wu, Z.Z. (2019). Effects of collaboration networks on technology innovation in solar photovoltaic (PV) sector: A case study of China. Journal of Green Building.
  94. Gao, S., Jin, R.Y., and Lu, W.S. (2019). Design for manufacture and assembly in construction: a review. Building Research & Information.
  95. Xu, J.Y., Chen, K., Zetkulic, A., Xue, F., Niu, Y.H., and Lu, W.S.(2019). Pervasive sensing technologies for facility management: A critical review. Facilities. 38(1/2), 161-180.
  96. Xu, J.Y., Lu, W.S., Xue, F., and Chen, K (2019). ‘Cognitive facility management’: Definition, system architecture, and example scenario. Automation in Construction.
  97. Xue, F., Lu, W.S., Chen, K., and Webster, C. (2019). BIM reconstruction from 3D point clouds: A semantic registration approach based on multimodal optimisation and architectural design knowledge. Advanced Engineering Informatics. 42 (10), 100965.
  98. Chen, K. and Lu, W.S. (2019). Bridging BIM and building (BBB) for information management in construction: The underlying mechanism and implementation. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management.
  99. Tan, T., Chen, K., Xue, F., and Lu, W.S. (2019). Barriers to Building Information Modeling (BIM) implementation in China’s prefabricated construction: An interpretive structural modeling (ISM) approach. Journal of Cleaner Production. https://10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.02.141.
  100. Niu, Y., Lu, W.S., Xue, F., Liu, D.D., Chen, K., Fang, D.P., and Anumba, C. (2019). Towards the “Third Wave”: An Smart Construction Objects (SCO)-enabled occupational health and safety management system for construction. Safety Science
  101. Xue, F., Lu, W.S., Webster, C., and Chen, K. (2019). A derivative-free optimization-based approach for detecting architectural symmetries from 3D point clouds. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 148, 32-40.
    (Research Output Prize 2018/19, The University of Hong Kong.
  102. Xue, F., Lu, W.S., Chen, K., and Zetkulic, A. (2019). From ‘semantic segmentation’ to ‘semantic registration’: A derivative-free optimization-based approach for automatic generation of semantically rich as-built building information models (BIMs) from 3D point clouds. ASCE Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering. 2019, 33(4),
  103. Bao, Z.K., Lu, W.S., Chi, B., Yuan, H.P., and Hao, J.L. (2019). Procurement innovation for a circular economy of construction and demolition waste: lessons learned from Suzhou, China. Waste Management.
  104. Illankoon, I.M.C.S. and Lu, W.S. (2019). Optimising choices of ‘building services’ for green building: interdependence and life cycle costing. Building and Environment, 161(8),
  105. Lu, W.S., Chi, B., Bao, Z.K., and Zetkulic, A. (2019). Evaluating the effects of green building on construction waste management: A comparative study of three green building rating systems. Building and Environment, 155(5), 247-256.
  106. Hao, J.L., Yuan, H.P., Liu, J., Chan, C.S., and Lu, W.S. (2019). A model for assessing the economic performance of construction waste reduction. Journal of Cleaner Production. 232(2019), 427-440.
  107. Lu, W.S. (2019). Big data analytics to identify illegal construction waste dumping: A Hong Kong study. Resources, Conservation & Recycling. 141, 264-272.
  108. Zhang, R., Xing, J., Ye, K., Lu, W.S., and Shan, Y.W. (2018). Synchronicity of global construction cost indexes. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management. 26(3), 367-385.
  109. Lu, W.S., Chen, K., Xue, F., and Pan, W. (2018). Searching for an optimal level of prefabrication in construction: An analytical framework. Journal of Cleaner Production, 201, 236-245.
  110. Niu, Y., Anumba, C., and Lu, W.S. (2018). Taxonomy and deployment framework for emerging pervasive technologies in construction projects. ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 145(5),
  111. Lu, W.S., Chen, K., Zetkulic, A., and Liang, C. (2018). Measuring building information modeling (BIM) maturity: A Hong Kong case study. International Journal of Construction Management, http://1080/15623599.2018.1532385.
  112. Chen, K. and Lu, W.S. (2018). Design for Manufacture and Assembly (DfMA) oriented approach to a curtain wall system: A case study of a commercial building in Wuhan, China. Sustainability, 2018, 10, 2211. https://doi:10.3390/su10072211.
  113. Lu, W.S. (2018).Smart construction objects (SCOs): An alternative way to smart construction. Building Journal, 6, 49-53.
  114. Xue, F., Chen, K., Lu, W.S., Niu, Y., and Huang, G.Q. (2018). Linking radio-frequency identification to BIM: Status quo, development trajectory and guidelines for practitioners. Automation in Construction. 93(9), 241-251.
  115. Chen, K., Lu, W.S., Xue, F., Tang, P.B., and Li, L.H. (2018). Automatic BIM reconstruction in high-density urban areas: Augmenting multi-source data with architectural knowledge. Automation in Construction. 93(9), 22-34.
  116. Xue, F., Lu, W.S., and Chen, K. (2018). Automatic generation of semantically rich as-built BIM using 2D images: A derivative-free optimization approach. Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, 33(11), 926-942,
  117. Zheng, L., Chen, K., and Lu, W.S. (2018). Bibliometric analysis of the construction education research from 1982 to 2017. Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice.
  118. Wu, Y., Chau, K.W., Lu, W.S., Shen, L.Y., Shuai, C. and Chen J. (2018). Decoupling relationship between economic output and carbon emission in the Chinese construction industry. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 71, 60-69,
  119. Shen, L.Y., Wu, Y., Shuai, C.Y., Lu, W.S., Chau, K.W., and Chen, X. (2018). Analysis on the evolution of low carbon city from process characteristic perspective. Journal of Cleaner Production, 187, 348-360.
  120. Liu, D.D., Lu, W.S., and Niu, Y.H. (2018). Extended Technology-Acceptance Model (TAM) to make smart construction systems successful. ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 144(6),
  121. Lu, W.S., Ye, M., Chau, K.W., and Flanagan, R. (2018). The paradoxical nexus between corporate social responsibility and sustainable financial performance: evidence from the international construction business. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 2018, 1-9,
  122. Wang, H.D. Lu, W.S., Sönderland, J., and Chen, K. (2018). The interplay between formal and informal institutions in projects: A social network analysis. Project Management Journal, 49(4) 20–35.
  123. Wang, H.D., Zhang, X.L., and Lu, W.S. (2018). Improving social sustainability in construction: a conceptual framework based on social network analysis. ASCE Journal of Management in Engineering, 34(6),
  124. Lu, W.S., Webster, C., Peng, Y., Chen, X., Chen, K. (2018). Big data in construction waste management: Prospects and challenges. Detritus.
  125. Xu, J.Y., Lu, W.S., Xue, F., Chen, K., Ye, M., Wang, J., and Chen, X. (2018). Cross-boundary collaboration in waste management research: a network analysis. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 73, 128-141.
  126. Zhang, Y.Z., Lu, W.S., Tam, W. Y. V., and Feng, Y.B. (2018). From urban metabolism to industrial ecosystem metabolism: A study of construction in Shanghai from 2004 to 2014. Journal of Cleaner Production, 202, 428-438.
  127. Lu, W.S., Chen, X., Peng, Y., and Liu, X.J. (2018). The effects of green building on construction waste minimization: triangulating ‘big data’ with ‘thick data’. Waste Management.79(9), 142-152.
  128. Chen, X., Lu, W.S., Xue, F., and Xu, J.Y. (2018). A cost-benefit analysis of green buildings with respect to construction waste minimization using big data in Hong Kong. Journal of Green Building. 13(4), 61-76.
  129. Ye, M., Lu, W.S., Flanagan, R., and Ye, K.H. (2017). Diversification in the international construction business. Construction Management and Economics,
  130. Chen, X. and Lu, W.S. (2017). Identifying factors influencing demolition waste generation in Hong Kong. Journal of Cleaner Production, 141 (2017) 799-811.
  131. Chen, K., Xu, G., Xue, F., Zhong, R. Y., Liu, D., and Lu, W.S. (2017). A physical Internet-enabled BIM system for prefabricated construction. International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing. 31(4-5),
  132. Lu, W.S., Peng, Y., Xue, F., Chen, K., Niu, Y.H., and Chen, X. (2017). The fusion of Geographic Information System (GIS) and BIM for big data analytics in managing development sites, in Huang et al. (ed.) Comprehensive Geographic Information Systems. Elsevier.
  133. Zheng, L. Lu, W.S., Chen, K., Chau, K.W., and Niu, Y.H. (2017). Benefit-sharing for BIM implementation: Tackling the moral hazard dilemma in inter-firm cooperation. International Journal of Project Management, 35(3), 393–405.
  134. Zhong, R., Peng, Y., Xue, F., Fang, J., Zou, W., Luo, H., Ng. S.T., Lu, W.S., Shen, Q.P., and Huang, G.Q. (2017). Prefabricated construction enabled by the Internet-of-Things. Automation in Construction, 76(4), 59–70.
  135. Chen, K., Lu, W.S., Wang, H.D., Niu, Y. H., and Huang, G.Q. (2017). Naming objects in BIM: A convention and a semi-automatic approach. ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 143(7).
  136. Lu, W.S., Webster, C., Chen, K., Zhang, X.L., and Chen, X. (2017). Computational BIM for construction waste management: moving from rhetoric to reality. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 68(1), 587–595.
  137. Wang, H.D, Lu, W.S., Ye, M., Chau, K.W., and Zhang, X.L. (2016). The curvilinear relationship between corporate social performance and corporate financial performance: evidence from the international construction industry. Journal of Cleaner Production, 137(11), 1313–1322.
  138. Xiong, B., Lu, W.S., Skitmore, M., Chau, K.W., and Ye, M. (2016). Virtuous nexus between corporate social performance and financial performance: A study of construction enterprises in China. Journal of Cleaner Production, 129 (9), 223–233. https://doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.04.078.
  139. Chancellor, W. and Lu, W.S.(2016). A regional and provincial productivity analysis of the Chinese construction industry: from 1995 to 2012. ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, https://10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001177.
  140. Lu, W.S., Niu, Y.H., Liu, D.D., Chen, K., and Ye, M. (2016). i-Core: Towards a customizable smart construction system for Hong Kong. Innovation in Construction, v. 1, p. 71-79, ISSN 2312-8291.
  141. Niu, Y.H., Lu, W.S., Liu, D., Chen, K., Anumba, C., and Huang, G. Q. (2016). A Smart Construction Objects (SCO)-enabled logistics and supply chain management system in construction. ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 143(3).
  142. Liang, C., Lu, W.S., Rowlinson, S., and Zhang, X.L. (2016). Development of a multifunctional BIM maturity model. ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management,
  143. Zhang, X.L., Hes, D., Wu, Y.Z., Hafkamp, W., Lu, W.S., Bayulken, B., Schnitzer, H., and Li, F. (2016). (CFP) Catalyzing sustainable urban transformations towards smarter, healthier cities through urban ecological infrastructure, regenerative development, eco towns and regional prosperity. Journal of Cleaner Production, 30.
  144. Wu, Y., Shen, J., Zhang, X., Skitmore, M., and Lu, W.S. (2016).The impact of urbanization on carbon emissions in developing countries: a Chinese study based on the U-Kaya method. Journal of Cleaner Production, 135, 589-603.
  145. Zhao, X.L., Pan, W., and Lu, W.S. (2016). Business model innovation for delivering zero carbon buildings. Sustainable Cities and Society. 27, 253-262.
  146. Lu, W.S., Peng, Y., Chen, X., Skitmore, M., and Zhang, X.L. (2016). The S-curve for forecasting waste generation in construction projects. Waste Management. 56, 23-34.
  147. Lu, W.S., Webster, C., Peng Y., Chen, X., and Zhang, X.L. (2016). Estimating and calibrating the amount of building-related construction and demolition waste in urban China. International Journal of Construction Management, 17(1), 13-24.
  148. Tam, V.W.Y. and Lu, W.S. (2016). Construction waste management profiles, practices, and performance: a cross-jurisdictional analysis in four countries. Sustainability, 8(2), 190;
  149. Lu, W.S., Ye, M., Flanagan, R., and Ye, K.H. (2015). Corporate social responsibility disclosures in international construction business: trends and prospects. ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management,
  150. Niu, Y.H., Lu, W.S., Chen, K., Huang, G.Q., and Anumba, C. (2015). Smart construction objects. ASCE Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering.
  151. Chen, K., Lu, W.S., Peng, Y., Rowlinson, S.M., and Huang, G.Q (2015). Bridging BIM and building: From a literature review to an integrated conceptual framework. International Journal of Project Management, 33 (6), 1405-1416.
  152. Lu, W.S., Fung, A., Peng, Y., Liang, C., and Rowlinson, S.M. (2015). Demystifying construction project time-effort distribution curves: a BIM and non-BIM comparison. ASCE Journal of Management in Engineering
  153. Lu, W.S., Chen, X., Peng, Y., and Shen, L.Y. (2015). Benchmarking construction waste management performance using big data.Resources, Conservation & Recycling. 105(A), 49-58.
  154. Lu, W.S., Chen, X., Ho, C.W.D., and Wang, H.D. (2015). Analysis of the construction waste management performance in Hong Kong: the public and private sectors compared using big data. Journal of Cleaner Production, 112(1), 521-531.
  155. Lu, W.S., Peng, Y. Webster, C., and Zuo, J. (2015). Stakeholders’ willingness to pay for enhanced construction waste management: a Hong Kong study. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 47(7), 233-240.
  156. Lai, W.C.L., Baker, M., Lu, W.S., Chau, M.H., Ho, D.C.W., and Davies, S. (2015). Out of sight, out of mind: A comparative study of public bus terminals as civic spaces. Cities, 43, 1-9.
  157. Lu, W.S.(2014). Reliability of Engineering News-Record international construction data. Construction Management and Economics, 32(10), 968-982.
  158. Lu, W.S., Chau, K.W., Wang, H.D., and Pan, W. (2014). A decade’s debate on the nexus between corporate social and corporate financial performance: a critical review of empirical studies 2002 – 2011. Journal of Cleaner Production, 79, 195-206.
  159. Lu, W.S. (2014). Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in international construction, pp 198-217. In Liu, J.Y. (ed.) Frontiers and Key Trends in Construction Management Research. China City Press: Beijing (in Chinese).
  160. Lu, W.S., Yang, H., and Langston, C. (2014). Internationalization of the construction industry, pp131-154. In Best, R. and Meikle, J. (eds.) Measuring Construction: Prices, Output, and Productivity. ISBN: 9780415659376. Routledge.
  161. Jewell, C., Flanagan, R., and Lu, W.S.(2014). The dilemma of scope and scale for construction professional service firms. Construction Management and Economics, 32 (5), 473-486.
  162. Tan, Y.T., Shen, L.Y., Craig Langston, Lu, W.S., and Yam, C.H.M. (2014). Critical success factors for building maintenance business: A Hong Kong case study. Facilities, 32(5), 208-225.
  163. Flanagan, R., Jewell, C, Lu, W.S., and Pekericli, K. (2014). Auto-ID – Bridging the physical and the digital on construction projects. Chartered Institute of Building. ISBN 1853800191. 38p.
  164. Lu, W.S., Fung, A., Peng, Y., Liang, C., and Rowlinson, S.M. (2014). Cost-benefit analysis of BIM implementation in construction projects by demystifying the time-effort distribution curves. Building and Environment. 82, 317-327.
  165. Lai, W.C.L., Lu, W.S., and Lorne, F. (2014). A catallaxis framework of government land reclamation: the case of Hong Kong and Shenzhen. Habitat International, 44, 62-71.
  166. Ye, K.H., Shen, L.Y., and Lu, W.S. (2013). A discriminant model for measuring competition intensity of construction market. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 21(2), 152-169.
  167. Lu, W.S., Ye, K.H., Flanagan, R., and Jewell, C. (2013). Nexus between contracting and construction professional service businesses: empirical evidence from the international market. ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 21(2), 152-169.
  168. Shi, L.G., Ye, K.H., Lu, W.S., and Hu, X (2013). Improving the competence of construction management consultants to underpin sustainable construction in China. Habitat International, 28, 804-811.
  169. Yang, H. and  Lu, W.S. (2013). Niche comparisons: towards a new approach for analyzing competition and organizational performance in the international construction market. Construction Management and Economics, 31(4), 307-321.
  170. Lu, W.S., Peng, Y., Shen, Q.P., and Li, H. (2013). A generic model for measuring benefits of BIM as a learning tool in construction tasks. ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 139(2), 195-203.
  171. Lu, W.S. and Yuan, H.P. (2013). Investigating waste reduction potential in the upstream processes of offshore prefabrication construction. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews. 28, 804-810.
  172. Lu, W.S. and Tam, W. Y. V. (2013). Construction waste management policies and their effectiveness in Hong Kong: A longitudinal review. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 23, 214-223.
  173. Yuan, H.P., Lu, W.S., and Hao, J.L. (2013). The evolution of construction waste sorting on-site. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 20, 483-490.
  174. Lu, W.S. (2013). Beyond the inert and non-inert dichotomy: towards ‘building a zero waste Hong Kong’. Building Journal, 13, 46-49,
  175. Lu, W.S. (2013). Construction Waste Management in Hong Kong: Ten years, no change? Building Journal, 5, 72-76,
  176. Lu, W.S. (2013). Enhancing housing production in Hong Kong through BIMatizing offshore prefabrication. Building Journal, 4, 12-15,
  177. Lu, W.S., Liu, A. M.M., Wang, H.D., and Wu, Z.B. (2013). Procurement innovation for public construction projects: A study of agent-construction system and public-private partnership in China. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 20(6), 543-562.
  178. Lu, W.S., Ye, K.H., Flanagan, R., and Jewell, C. (2012). Developing construction professional services in the international market: A SWOT analysis of China. ASCE Journal of Management in Engineering, 29(3), 302-313.
  179. Lu, W.S., Liu, A. M.M., Rowlinson, S.M., and Poon, S.W. (2012). Sharpening competitive edge through procurement innovation: Perspectives from Chinese international construction companies. ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 139 (3), 347-351.
  180. Lu, W.S.and Yuan, H.P. (2012). Off-site sorting of construction waste: what can we learn from Hong Kong? Resources, Conservation & Recycling, 69, 100– 108.
  181. Fan, S.C., Wong, Y. W., Shen, L.Y., Lu, W.S., Wang, T., Yu, A., and Shen, Q.P. (2012). The effectiveness of DustBubbles on dust control in the process of concrete drilling. Safety Science, 50, 1284–1289.
  182. Shen, Y., Lu, W.S., Peng, Y., and Jiang, S.J. (2011). Critical assessment indicators for measuring benefits of rural infrastructure investment in China. ASCE Journal of Infrastructure Systems, 17 (4), 176-183.
  183. Lu, W.S. and Li, H. (2011). BIM and changing construction practices. Editorial for Automation in Construction, 20, 99-100.
  184. Lu, W.S., Huang, G.Q., and Li, H. (2011). Scenarios for applying RFID technology in construction project management. Automation in Construction, 20, 101-106.
  185. Lu, W.S. and Yuan, H.P. (2011). A Framework for Understanding Waste Management Studies in Construction. Waste Management. 31, 1252-1260.
  186. Lu, W.S., Yuan, H.P., Li, J.R., Hao, J.L., Mi, X.M., and Ding, Z.K (2011). An empirical investigation of construction and demolition waste generation rates in Shenzhen city, South China. Waste Management. 31, 680-687.
  187. Yuan, H.P., Shen, L.Y., Hao, J.L., and Lu, W.S. (2011). A model for cost-benefit analysis of construction and demolition waste management throughout the waste chain. Resources, Conservation & Recycling, 55 (2011) 604–612.
  188. Lu, W.S. (2010). An improved SWOT approach for conducting strategic planning in the construction industry. ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 136 (12), 1317-1328.
  189. Lu, W.S. and Yuan, H.P. (2010). Exploring critical success factors for waste management in construction projects of China. Resources, Conservation & Recycling, 55, 201-208.
  190. Li, H., Lu, W.S., and Huang, T. (2009). Rethinking project management and exploring virtual design and construction as a potential solution. Construction Management and Economics, 27 (4), 363-371.
  191. Wang, J.Y., Yuan, H.P., Kang, X.P., and Lu, W.S. (2009). Critical success factors for on-site sorting of construction waste: a China study. Resources, Conservation & Recycling, 54(11), 931-936.
  192. Li, H., Chan, N., Huang, T., Guo, H.L., Lu, W.S., and Skitmore, M. (2009). Optimizing construction planning schedules by virtual prototyping enabled resource analysis. Automation in Construction, 18(7), 912-918.
  193. Ye, K.H., Lu, W.S., and Jiang, W.Y. (2009). Concentration in the international construction market. Construction Management and Economics, 27(12), 1197-1207.
  194. Lu, W.S., Li, H., Shen, L.Y., and Huang, T. (2009). A SWOT analysis of Chinese construction companies in the global market. ASCE Journal of Management in Engineering, 25(4), 166-176.
  195. Lu, W.S., Shen, L.Y., and Yam, C.H.M. (2008). Critical success factors for competitiveness of contractors: A China study. ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 134(12), 972-982.
  196. Tan, Y., Shen, L.Y., Lu, W.S., and Shen, Q.P. (2008). Multiple-objective bidding strategy using goal programming technique. Management Decision, 46(4), 656-672.
  197. Shen, L.Y., Bao, H.J., Wu, Y.Z., and Lu, W.S. (2007). Using bargaining-game theory for negotiating concession period for BOT type project. ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 133(5), 385-392.
  198. Flanagan, R., Lu, W.S., Shen, L.Y., and Jewell, C. (2007). Competitiveness in construction: a critical review of research. Construction Management and Economics, 25(9), 989-1000.
  199. Shen, L.Y., Lu, W.S., and Yam, C.H.M. (2006). Contractor key competitiveness indicators (KCIs): A China study. ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 132(4), 416-424.
  200. Shen, L.Y., Lu, W.S., Yao, H., and Wu, D.H. (2005). A computer-based scoring method for measuring the environmental performance of construction activities. Automation in Construction, 14, 297-309.
  201. Shen, L.Y., Lu, W.S., Li, H., and Shen, Q.P. (2003). Computer-aided decision support system for assessing contractor’s competitiveness. Automation in Construction, 12(5), 577-587.